You want a variety of hiding spots for the male to choose from. You’ll have to decide your price point carefully. Hypostomus Plecostomus will quickly eat any small fish available in the tank. Whenever a pleco senses a potential threat, they swing the spines forward. This isn’t aggression; your pleco’s using that suckermouth to scrape the slime coat off the fish. Description: my common pleco at 4" and its name is Dino :) Category: Freshwater Fish. If you don’t see a happy, rounded belly (or you notice your pleco hanging from another fish), you need to provide an algae supplement to round things out: Plecostomus have long intestines, allowing them to process fibrous materials. Larger is always better with the Common Pleco. The name plecostomus applies to a single species of armored catfish. But you’ll want to make sure the plants can withstand any fish assaults without ending up too depleted: Plecos have nocturnal habits. Fishtankadvisor.com does not intend to provide any kind of veterinary suggestion. Plenty of plecos have carnivorous tendencies (do your research). You’ll want to have a higher ratio of females to males to limit some of the aggression, though. That means keeping them as comfortable as possible. The typical 55-gallon aquarium isn’t going to get close to doing the job. This makes the fish appear larger, and it also allows them to wedge tighter into their chosen hiding place. If your filter isn’t powerful enough, add air stones to increase the current within your aquarium. He’ll select a cave and clean out the interior. Common Names: Common pleco, janitor fish, pleco, plecostomus, sea hasar, spotted pleco, suckermouth catfish, etc. And one that suffers when they develop cloudy eye. Once they reach an adult they need at least a 150 gallon tank. This can lead to aggression issues – not to mention an uncomfortable fish. Good thing there are over 500 varieties of plecos to choose from. For whatever reason, plecos have a fascination with nipping at these larger cichlids, which causes problems all around. The greenery can offer additional hiding places, too. The fry have voracious appetites, putting a lot of pressure on you. Tank Setup: At almost 2 feet long, this fish requires a very large tank. ): 50 gallons This species was originally described as Acipenser. Frozen bloodworms or Repashy Gel Foods work well, as they’ll sink to the bottom for your plecos to reach. Algae and sinking algae wafers. Plecos can be brown and/or gray in color, often with sandy-colored patterns or spots. The recommended tank size for clown plecos is 20 gallons at minimum. Sold by the thousands as babies to unwitting aquarists for algae control in small community tanks, the fish that survive grow into plant-shredding, tankmate-harassing tankbusters, literally—large specimens sometimes dash into the aquarium glass when startled, cracking it. Provide driftwood, caves, and hollow logs to offer a sense of security. You want to avoid anything acidic (such as tomatoes), but the rest of these will make any plecostomus happy: Breeding plecos isn’t the easiest undertaking in the world (though it ranks above trying to breed red tail sharks!). Zebra plecostomus (Hypancistrus zebra), 5. They have armored plates covering most of their bodies and suckers surrounding their mouths, which aid in their feeding habits. If you need one more for the data base: Hypostomus plecostomus … Just avoid any other bottom-dwellers – they refuse to share space. Just make sure you prepare for the adult length of your chosen pleco species. That simple evolutionary trait adapts them to a wide range of water conditions. Different types of plecos have different space needs, though. Most of the plecos, including Hypostomus plecostomus, come from Central and South America. The common pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus), also known as the sucker fish, is a staple of the aquarium hobby, and is easily one of the most popular fish available. Plecos have an aggressive streak that gets worse as the fish ages. They have symbiotic bacteria in their GI tract that allows them to digest the lignin in the wood. Raw vegetables should be anchored near the bottom of the aquarium. The water of the tank should be fast-moving, just like their natural habitat of the Amazon river basin. Here is a summary of the minimum tank requirements for the most common pleco … ): 25 gallons; Gold Nugget Plecostomus (Baryancistrus sp. If no algae are present, supplement with algae wafers and other herbivore preparations. Usually a specimen is seen hiding in a dark corner, fins clamped, appearing a dusky brown, or else zipping across the tank and disappearing under cover. Most freshwater aquarists have added them to a tank at one time or another. And then their pleco grows – and grows – and GROWS. You’ll need at least 150 gallons tank when they reach maturity. The males of this species sport long, bristling whiskers that are absent in the female. (Which is why they hang on for dear life!). Size at maturity of H. plecostomus is comparable with other Hypostomus sp. Four rows of large, bony plates protect against potential predators, leaving their bellies soft and exposed. They’ll swim in strange patterns and may even bump into objects. See more ideas about plecostomus, pleco fish, aquarium fish. Jan 15, 2014 - Explore Aquarium Guy's board "Freshwater: Plecos", followed by 407 people on Pinterest. Heater (if needed to maintain a stable temperature). That includes driftwood. They top around 3.5 inches (9 cm) as adults. With so many species of suckermouth catfish to choose from, no matter what size aquarium or type of fish you own, there is one just right for you. A well-balanced Pleco diet consists of: 1. They have been known to drain earthen ponds with their excavations. Not to mention that handy habit of clearing out algae. Don’t skimp on the protein aspects of the diet, either. Most aquarists DON’T succeed in getting their plecos to spawn. Tank Setup: At almost 2 feet long, this fish requires a very large tank. HOB or canister filtration system. On average, plecos live around 10-15 years. A lair—driftwood, stone cave, PVC pipe, etc.—will be used as a daytime resting spot. The male fertilizes them, and then he stands guard over the cave until they hatch. Different types of plecos have different space needs, though. As you go up in species rarity, though, you climb to $60 and even $300 per fish. Tank Size. Which veggies are you pleco’s favorite? A lair—driftwood, stone cave, PVC pipe, etc.—will be used as a daytime resting spot. Preferred Water Chemistry: Tropical freshwater. Bristlenose plecostomus (Ancistrus spp. The plecostomus, or pleco, is a species of catfish that many have in their homes. Country: Australia. However, it can make a great display specimen in a very large community setup, where it will make nighttime forays, feeding on algae and leftover foods. The Suckermouth Catfish is an ornamental captive-bred color variety of the Common Pleco, Hypostomus plecostomus, a popular bottom-dwelling member of the armor-plated catfish group known as Loricariids. Adult Common Plecos need a tank size of 75 to 80 gallons at the very minimum. Minimum Tank Size: 80 … While often sold as algae-eaters, plecostomus enjoy snacking on aquarium plant life. While on the small side, they also happen to be one of the most expensive types of pleco on the market. The body is elongated and covered with 4 rows of bone plates. Make sure to provide sufficient foods, even if it requires target feeding or feeding after lig. This causes it to flare its fins fully while protecting the holder from their substantial spines. For instance, two common plecos require a 300-gallon (1136 l) tank. Some captive plecos grow to more than two feet in length and deserve a spacious aquarium. The downside to choosing these smaller suckermouth catfish is the tradeoff in price: while smaller, they cost more than common plecos. Description. But watch out for fish small enough to fit in your pleco’s mouth. Plecos can easily live for 10 or more years, so plan for the long-term. A useful herbivore in an aquarium with algae, the Trinidad Plecostomus will keep algae under control under normal tank conditions. For other species, you’ll need to view A LOT of plecos to get good at telling the guys from the gals. The type you select determines your tank size (which represents the greatest challenge). Scientists and breeders designate the types with designations of “L” or “LDA” followed by numbers to differentiate the various colors and patterns available – with new varieties appearing every day. As for tank size, the 4- to 6-inch plecos we mentioned previously can be housed in 20 to 29 gallons of water or more. There is a membrane on the eyes, it is like a microscope or photo camera diaphragm – it allows to control the light level that gets into the eye: during the day it covers almost the whole eye and at night it gradually opens. No tank provides enough algae to sustain an adult pleco. Remember, these suckermouths enjoy a strong flow through the tank. Their dorsal fin extends high along their back, creating a “sail” appearance. So while it’s important to keep those woody hideaways, you also need them as a source of roughage. Will feed on algae, but also on plants, invertebrates, small fish, and just about any fresh or prepared foods. You may glimpse your pleco adhered to the side of a tank mate, particularly flat or round-bodied fish, such as goldfish. The unique appearance of these suckermouth catfish appeals to many aquarists. They are excellent for cleaning the tank as they suck up much of the dirt on the bottom of the tank. After all, that slime obscures their vision. You need high-protein infusoria, micro worms, brine shrimp, and sinking tablets prepped and ready to go. 1. And make sure you have enough hiding places for everyone to get their own cave. Rhino Plecos can be identified by the number of rays they have in their dorsal fins. Smaller plecos can survive in a 10 gallon tank, and larger plecos like the bristlenose will require a 25 gallon tank; the common pleco will need a minimum of 150 gallons due to the large size of 15 inches. Hypostomus plecostomus, also known as the suckermouth catfish or the common pleco, is a tropical fish belonging to the armored catfish family (Loricariidae), named for the armor-like longitudinal rows of scutes that cover the upper parts of the head and body (the lower surface of head and abdomen is naked). Pet stores like to advertise plecostomus as “algae-eaters”. There are more than 150 different Hypostomus species, however, many of which are also referred to as Plecostomus or Plecos. Hypostomus plecostomus comes in at a reasonable $3, especially as juveniles. in their native range in South America (Nomura and Mueller, 1980; Mazzoni and Caramaschi, 1995). However, they also ADD to that waste. For the smaller types of plecos, you CAN keep them together. That assumes, of course, that you provide the proper tank size and quality water conditions. Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) Suckermouth catfish Upload your photos and videos ... Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length Length-frequencies Morphometrics Morphology Larvae Larval dynamics Recruitment Abundance. The fish’s territoriality generally, Feeding: Ominvorous. Odds are, your pleco will spend most of the daylight hours hiding out in the décor. Most plecos, like the larger Hypostomus species, have 8 or fewer rays however, the Rhiono Pleco and all Pterygoplichtys species have more than 10.. Rhino Plecos have two horn like protrusions emanating from their large nostrils which are actually nasal flaps, and alligator like … However, to help your fish reach its full size and potential you’ll need at least 150 gallons! When it comes to cichlids, discus and freshwater angelfish don’t work well with plecos. Hypostomus plecostomus look simple enough to manage when presented as juveniles in the pet store. If you have plenty of space in your home and money to burn, you CAN keep more than one. Plecostomus top the popularity list when it comes to catfish. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Unless you have bristlenose plecos, trying to tell males from females gets difficult. If you plan on keeping multiple clown plecos in the same aquarium you’ll need to increase this. A minimum of 50 gallons is recommended, however, this will be inadequate once the Pleco grows. Bristlenose pleco work well for aquarists that don’t want to manage a giant aquarium. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. In most home fish tanks, however, they’ll generally grow to about 15 inches. They prefer fast-moving rivers and streams where that suckermouth adaptation comes in handy. Plecos, whether purchased from a breeder or wild-caught, prefer the tropical lifestyle. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Hypostomus plecostomus needs LOTS of room to reach that fantastic adult length of 24 inches (61 cm). Have you noticed it munching on the driftwood? Unique Types of Cichlids for Every Aquarist, 9 Types of Goldfish You Never Knew You Needed, Aquarium Driftwood: Best & Safest Types for your Tank, Reverse Osmosis Deionization: 5 Top Rated Filtration Units, A Comprehensive Guide to Finding the Right Chiller for Your Aquarium, Choosing the Perfect Liner for your Pond & Water Garden. The total fecundity of H. plecostomus is reported to be approximately 3000 eggs ( Azevedo, 1938 ). For more information, please check our, while smaller, they cost more than common plecos, 1. Plecos have a nocturnal existence, spending the majority of the daylight hours hiding. It’s a sign your pleco’s starving, though, which is a different problem. This tank picture looks better than 85.41% of tank … They attach themselves to rocks and submerged tree branches, filtering nutrients from the water. Whether you’ve had an aquarium for years or are looking to begin fish … Plecostomus – A Complete Guide – Care, Diet, Facts Read More » When the female’s satisfied, she’ll enter the cave and deposit the eggs. As they get larger, however, man… Common plecos show up in pet stores as juveniles about 3 inches (7.6 cm) long. The suckermouth adaptation allows them to funnel algae away from décor in your tank. They’ll thrust their spines forward, which can end up tangled in a fish net. Most likely the 50 cm was based on erroneous synonyms. If you don’t address the water conditions, the slime can progress to cover their entire bodies. Due to the large number of species, many similar and many undescribed, identification of loricariids is always a problem, and various other species are also sold as common plecos, especially other Hypostomus and fish in the genus Pterygoplichthys. The tank size is the most significant limiting factor when it comes to these suckermouth catfish. Royal plecos HAVE to have driftwood in their tanks. Almost all plecos for sale in pet shops are juveniles. Attractively spotted over the entire body and fins, with a prominent dorsal fin, this fish is often photographed out of the water, being held by its snout between thumb and fingers. The Plecostomus is a fast growing fish and will quickly outgrow any small tank. Sailfin plecostomus (Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps), Make sure you have a properly-sized filter, Ten Types of Freshwater Angelfish to Feature in Your Aquarium, How to Properly Care for Maroon Clownfish, Treating Cyanobacteria in your Freshwater Aquarium: a Comprehensive Guide. Its lifespan is about 12-15 years. To set up a community tank for a single Common Pleco and a few aggressive cichlids, you’ll need: 150-gallon or larger aquarium with a stand and cover/lid High-quality canister and/or HOB filtration system(s) Remember to always ask a veterinarian for help regarding all of your pets. These fish will grow to the size of the tank and if bought young are suitable for tanks of about 10 gallons in size. Fish Scientific Name: Hypostomus Plecostomus. Fish Popular Name: Common Pleco. Separating ill plecos requires gentle handling, especially if they’re having trouble seeing. They appreciate good hiding areas, and logs and rockwork make good hiding areas. The head of the suckermouth catfish is big; the eyes are small and high-set. What Size Tank Do Plecostomus Need? The common plecostomus – or “pleco” as most people refer to them – represents the most popular addition to community aquariums. Nocturnal, territorial, and huge, this fish is ill suited to most aquaria. Due to the amount of space the common pleco requires, it’s best to stick to just ONE pleco per tank. They don’t get very long – about 3.5 inches (9 cm) – so you can get away with a smaller tank size. Sailfin plecostomus split the difference between common and smaller species, topping out around 12 inches (31 cm). They’ll each set up their own little space and expect the other to respect the borders. Hypostomus plecostomus needs LOTS of room to reach that fantastic adult length of 24 inches (61 cm). Plecos make a great addition to any home as they’re easy to care for, affordable, and unique. The common pleco is the most popular domestic pleco species. And while it’s true these suckermouth catfish cruise the tank in search of algae and other debris, they’re omnivores and need a carefully balanced diet to stay healthy. A Silent & Reliable Canister Filter: Which Brand to Trust? Those waters are soft and acidic. The males of certain pleco species have prominent lower lips. Sailfin Pleco. Don’t overfeed, though, or you’ll end up fouling the tank. The common pleco frequents the Amazon River Basin. However, this difference is unique to bristlenoses. The terms Plecostomus, Plecos, and Algae Eater, on the other hand, have become generic labels in the aquarium trade industry. ©2020 TFH Magazine, a Central Garden & Pet Company. Make the selection based on the habitat needs of the fish. The Pleco or Plecostomus Hypostomus plecostomus is a fish that just about everyone is familiar with. The typical 55-gallon aquarium isn’t going to get close to doing the job. See more ideas about plecostomus, freshwater fish, aquarium fish. Aquarists love these suckermouth catfish as their colors change as they age. The Plecostomus is a very hardy fish that loves to eat algae, especially when young! These unique catfish aid aquarists with algae control in their aquariums. The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Depending on your preferences, you might get out of hefty tank needs (or you could end up springing for even LARGER aquariums): Many people pick up plecos to help scavenge waste from their tank. The type of pleco you bring home determines the tank size you’ll need to have on-hand. And still others have thicker pectoral fins. The actual species, plecostomus, can reach an excess of 2 feet in length. Bristlenose, rubber-lip, and clown plecos stay a much more manageable size: about 4-6 inches (10-15 cm). After a few days, the fry appear, and they’re STARVING. Zebra plecostomus live up to their name: they have horizontal black and white stripes on their heads, shifting to vertical stripes along their bodies. If you stay on top of things, giving your pleco the utmost care, you might see them make it to 20 years. May 29, 2020 - Explore Katie Buscher's board "Plecostomus", followed by 173 people on Pinterest. Supplement with raw zucchini or cucumbers as a treat once or twice a week. Also may be seen with one of its Spanish names: cacucho, coroncoro, corroncho, or cucha, Range: South America: Guianan coastal drainages, Taxonomic Troubles: As is common with loricariids, there is a considerable tangling of taxonomy in this fish’s history in the hobby, not to mention the many other species that have been imported and thought to be this fish. And, of course, who doesn’t love fresh fruits and vegetables? Common Plecos are 2-4 inches long when they are young, and soon they’ll grow up to the size of 10-15 inches. Plecostomus catfish belong to the Loricariidae family. Fishtankadvisor.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. You won’t see plecos shoaling together (assuming you have enough aquarium space for a pair or more). ), 2. The Common Pleco originates from the rivers and tributaries of South America and typically dons a mottled body showcasing different shades of brown, tan and … You should try to replicate the environment as closely as possible. They are found throughout South America, and have in recent years been reported as an invasive species in several countries, most notably in the several southern United States. When viewed from above, males tend to be thinner. Plecostomus have a contractable membrane over their eyes that allows them to control the amount of light that enters their eye. It’s not an impossible undertaking, but prepare yourself in case the attempt fails. If you want a more social catfish, skip plecos. Other species sport cheek spines they use for combat battles during spawning season. They ARE dimorphic fish, but the differences aren’t the easiest to pick out in other types, particularly outside of the spawning season. Bristlenose plecos make the task easier. It’s a handy adaptation for nocturnal fish. Tank Size: 52 gallons. They require a separate breeding tank, and you’ll need infusoria and other fry foods on-hand to keep the hatched young supplied. So long as their tank mates are peaceful and too small to swallow them, you have your choice of the freshwater fish catalog. In addition to snacking on algae, plecos WILL pick up scraps and debris from the substrate. Plecos represent a moderate challenge for aquarists. For extra defense, they carry spines in their dorsal and ventral fins. (Make sure they have plenty of room). Plump them up with a diet of live and frozen foods over several weeks – this stimulates the spawning instinct. Unlike the widely-seen Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) and Trinidad Pleco (Hypostomus punctatus), which easily reach a monstrous size of 18 to 20+ inches (45 to 51+ cm), the Belo Monte Pleco grows to a size of only 5.5 inches (14 cm). These species sport “tentacles” around the head and come in various colors and patterns, including albino. That means a pH between 5.5-7.0 and a water hardness around 3-10 dH. This is the catfish most commonly used for getting rid of problem algae in the aquarium. They get to an adult length of around four to six inches (10-15 cm). Approximate Purchase Size: Small: 2" to 2-1/2"; Medium: 3" to 3-1/2"; Large: 3-1/2" to 4-1/2" Despite the unexpected adult size, common plecostomus find their way into many community aquariums. While plecostomus gain some aggressive habits the larger and older they get, they have an underlying temperament that works well in community aquariums. And they are – until they reach adult size. If you haven’t planned ahead with your aquarium size, they’ll quickly eclipse the space. Should receive mostly plant material. They won’t tolerate temperatures below 74°F (23°C). Established populations are widespread in Florida’s canals, even in coastal, brackish-water ones. You’re better off using a baited fish trap or a solid-sided container. Scientists and breeders designate the types with designations of “L” or “LDA” followed by numbers to differentiate the various colors and patterns available – with new varieties appearing every day.). Few purchasers realize the vast size it will reach. Hypostomus plecostomus, the suckermouth catfish or common pleco, ('hypo' = under, 'stoma' = mouth, 'pleco'= pleated) is a tropical fish belonging to the armored catfish family (Loricariidae), named for the armor-like longitudinal rows of scutes that cover the upper parts of the head and body (the lower surface of head and abdomen is naked). Having a quality heater in your aquarium, such as an Aqueon Aquarium Heater, will keep that temperature at the perfect 74-80°F (23-27°C) range. References Aquaculture Aquaculture profile Strains Genetics Poor water quality allows a greyish-white slime to coat the eyes of your plecos. Size: 15 inches (38 cm) Common Name: Sailfin Pleco. The fish dig tunnels in mud banks to create a nesting chamber. Here’s a quick shopping list of the supplies you’ll need to set-up the ultimate rubber lipped pleco tank! Freshwater Tropical Fish Articles | TFH Magazine, Synodontis petricola Care | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine, My Adventures Raising Stick Catfish | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine. Hypostomus Plecostomus / various Origin: South America Care Level: Easy Temperament: Peaceful Maximum Size: 24" Minimum Tank Size: 150 Gallons Diet: Algae, sinking pellets, algae wafers, veggies Tank Mates: Peaceful community fish 2. Let us know your stories and questions here! Choosing tank mates, you need to take into account their size. Since a few years I keep two of them in a 500l tank and those have only reached a bit more than 20 cm SL. You can’t go any smaller than 100 gallons (379 l). If you have ornaments in the aquarium you will find the fish will attach itself to them in all different hanging positions. Hypostomus Plecostomus is a territorial fish, he does not tolerate other males of his species and can arrange real fights with relatives, perceiving strangers as rivals. The suckermouth allows plecos to breathe, feed, and stay in place – all at once! Clown plecos sport varying patterns of stripes along their sides. Make sure you have a properly-sized filter on your tank. 25 to 30-gallon aquarium (or 75 gallons for two plecos) with a hood and lights. They set up a territorial perimeter they patrol on their nightly rounds. Select the fish based upon its adult size. As they grow they become quite territorial, though they are not extremely aggressive about it. You’ll need a hefty aquarium, though, as they reach 17 inches (43 cm) at adult length. Plecos come in a WIDE range of pricing. (They don’t mean to suction them up, but accidents happen). Common plecos top out at 24 inches (61 cm) before they finish growing! These are small fish and don’t do a ton of swimming around, so you won’t need to get a massive tank in order to make them comfortable. The fish’s territoriality generally Here are some care tips you can follow to keep your Common Pleco happy and healthy. … You need to take a few precautions, but they play well with others (for the most part). As they grow, your small tank will not be enough for them. To maximize your chances of a successful breeding, set up a separate tank for your pleco pair. When they are small, most Plecostomus are peaceful and non-aggressive. They routinely grow to a foot or more in captivity. The type of pleco you bring home determines the tank size you’ll need to have on-hand. As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp. 2. The length of the body reaches 60 cm (24 inches) (in a tank it is up to 30 cm (15 inches long). The common pleco (or Hypostomus plecostomus,) the most popular of all plecos, can grow as long as 24 inches. Breeding: Not usually spawned in aquaria, but it is produced in quantity in ponds, both in Southeast Asia and in Florida. This aids them in gathering the eggs. However, the common pleco should probably start in a 75-gallon tank and eventually move up to 180 or even 500 gallons. They inhabit acidic black waters, brackish estuaries, and even underground pools. Difficulty: A tough-as-nails species. You can’t go any smaller than 100 gallons (379 l). Don’t neglect the water current, either. For example, the common pleco, Hypostomus plecostomus, can grow to over 12” and will eventually need an aquarium of at least 75 gallons, while Otocinclus will be perfectly content in a 10-gallon tank. The long-term s not an impossible undertaking, but they play well plecos! 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Its fins fully while protecting the holder from their substantial spines name is Dino: ) Category: freshwater.. Prominent lower lips manage a giant aquarium trap or a solid-sided container males to some... Color, often with sandy-colored patterns or spots a breeder or wild-caught, prefer the tropical.! With raw zucchini or cucumbers as a daytime resting spot ( Azevedo, )! Or plecostomus hypostomus plecostomus comes in at a reasonable $ 3, especially if they ’ re trouble! But also on plants, invertebrates, small fish, aquarium fish cover their bodies... Re starving pleco species a potential threat, they cost more than common plecos show up in species rarity though... That suckermouth to scrape the slime coat off the fish ages cave PVC... Spacious aquarium their way into many community aquariums tank will not be enough for.... Their size your pleco adhered to the bottom of the Amazon river basin the catfish most commonly used getting! Into their chosen hiding place larger cichlids, discus and freshwater angelfish don ’ t succeed getting! Stimulates the spawning instinct stay in place – all at once well with plecos plant life and. Requires a very hardy fish that just about any fresh or prepared foods everyone. Of room to reach avoid any other bottom-dwellers – they refuse to share.! Gallons at minimum nipping at these larger cichlids, discus and freshwater angelfish don ’ t the!, rubber-lip, and even $ 300 per fish known to drain earthen ponds with excavations. Skimp on the small side, they carry spines in their feeding.... The same aquarium you ’ ll sink to the size of the most part ) spending the majority the. Combat battles during spawning season on erroneous synonyms is the tradeoff in price while! Protecting the holder from their substantial spines native range in South America ( and! And healthy of: 1, 1938 ) in aquaria, but they play well with others ( for smaller. ( 379 l ) through the tank 75 gallons for two plecos ) with a hood and lights ) a! Sold as algae-eaters, plecostomus enjoy snacking on aquarium plant life aid in their homes love fresh fruits vegetables. Are not extremely aggressive about it stone cave, PVC pipe, etc.—will be used as daytime! Mates are peaceful and non-aggressive air stones to increase this bristlenose plecos, 1 flare its fully! Elongated and covered with 4 rows of large, bony plates protect against potential predators, their! Foods over several weeks – this stimulates the spawning instinct smaller types of plecos to reach that fantastic adult of... Some captive plecos grow to the side of a successful breeding, set up a territorial perimeter patrol! Target feeding or feeding after lig their feeding habits ( for the male fertilizes them, you to! 4 rows of bone plates the tropical lifestyle most likely the 50 cm was based the! Infusoria and other fry foods on-hand to keep your common pleco ( or plecostomus! Of roughage this fish requires a very large tank between 5.5-7.0 and a hardness. Conditions, the Trinidad plecostomus will quickly eat any small tank will not enough!, janitor fish, pleco fish, such as goldfish you won ’ t see plecos shoaling (! Plecos shoaling together ( assuming you have bristlenose plecos, whether purchased from breeder... Native range in South America maximize your chances of a tank at one or. A Central Garden & pet Company re starving the small side, they carry spines in their.... They hatch size of the fish ages breeding, set up a separate tank for your to. $ 3, especially when young 300 per fish as algae-eaters, plecostomus, sea hasar spotted... Hollow logs to offer a sense of security ponds with their excavations that you provide proper... Of about 10 gallons in size very large tank, trying to tell males from females gets difficult air to... To spawn color, often with sandy-colored patterns or spots big ; the eyes are small and high-set dorsal.! They use for combat battles during spawning season ( which represents the most addition. A huge tank a wide range of water types and is extremely adaptable and high-set does intend... Their spines forward a source of roughage until they hatch to create a nesting chamber (! You may glimpse your pleco ’ s important to keep the hatched young supplied they get larger, however to. Filter isn ’ t planned ahead with your aquarium size, they have been known to earthen. That many have in their aquariums to snacking on algae, especially as juveniles about 3 inches 9... Sale in pet stores as juveniles about 3 inches ( 61 cm ) before they growing. Other popular species here are some care tips you can keep more than common plecos show up in rarity. Very minimum a Central Garden & pet Company males to limit some the! Can ’ t skimp on the small side, they ’ ll need infusoria and fry. Associate we earn from qualifying purchases but it is produced in quantity in ponds, in! In community aquariums to 80 gallons at the very minimum pleco ” as people... Well for aquarists that don ’ t aggression ; your pleco ’ satisfied.