Athens was chosen as the leader of the League because of her naval supremacy. During the Persian Wars the League was expanded into the Hellenic League and included Athens and other states. Arts & culture. These wars also involved most of the Greek world, because both Athens and Sparta had leagues, or alliances, which brought their allies into the wars as well. Each allied state had one vote in the Congress, regardless of that state's size or geopolitical power. During the Persian War (480-479), the Peloponnesian League was the model of the Hellenic League that fought against the invaders. Pericles was so important to classical Greek history that the era in which he lived is known as the Age of Pericles . After the Persian Wars, Sparta withdrew from the Hellenic League, reforming the Peloponnesian League with its original allies. This might have been caused by Sparta and its allies' unease over Athenian … Sparta sends 40 Peloponnesian League’s ships to their aid. Many other states in the central and provincial northern Peloponnese joined the league, which eventually included all Peloponnesian states except Argos and Achaea. Sparta had the backing of allies it had previously helped: Sparta entered the First Peloponnesian War to aid an ally, Corinth, after Athens had taken the side of Corcyra (Corfu) against this, its mother city. Onward to Phokis. Only Sparta could call a Congress of the League. democratic form of government . Ionian greeks. The Peloponnesian Wars were the protracted armed conflicts, waged on sea and land, of the last half of the 5th century BC between the Delian League controlled by Athens and the Peloponnesian League dominated by Sparta over control of the other Greek city-states. The Spartan leader In Athens Pericles was the leader at the beginning of the war, but when he died (fairly early on in the war), Alcibiades (perhaps the most interesting figure in history, certainly one of the most interesting of the period) and Nicias fought for leadership. Leader of the Delian League. A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. There was an increasing concern in the Peloponnesian League that Athens’ rapid growth was an opportunistic exploitation of Athenian allies and a direct threat to the League. as members of the Peloponnesian League were sworn to have the same friends and enemies as Sparta, but Sparta did not enforce this clause so strictly as Athens with her League. spearheaded by Athens, and the second was the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. The Peloponnesian League is known for the Peloponnesian Wars against Athens. Consulting a ghost. Answer to: Was Athens or Sparta the leader of the Delian League? united several Greek city-states in a military alliance under Athens… Bust of Philip II of Macedon from the Hellenistic period. The Wolf of Sparta. Athens was part of the Delian League, an alliance of ancient Greek-city states led and funded mainly by Athens that eventually morphed into the Athenian Empire, and Sparta was a member of the Peloponnesian League. The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Episode 3. Sparta acquired two powerful allies, Corinth and Elis (also city-states), by ridding Corinth of tyranny, and helping Elis secure control of the Olympic Games. The Peloponnesian League formed in the Seventh or Sixth Century B.C. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. It lasted 27 years. The defeat of Athens and the weakening of Sparta during the Peloponnesian War assured it. The Athenian leader. The Peloponnesian War ( 431-404 BC ) was a series of struggles between the Athenian Empire or Delian League and the Peloponnesian League. The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. A Venomous Encounter. It met at the Corinthian isthmus. He was also Athens' leader during (and probably an agitator of) the Peloponnesian War (431 to 404). Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. Under Spartan leadership, the League defeated Athens and its allies in 404 BC. to counter that of Sparta, but actually forced Athens to become a strong power. It would not be exaggerated to say that all Greek nations had now more or less become members of the alliance of Sparta and accepted its leadership. A combination of these events started the Peloponnesian War. It was written by Thucydides, an Athenian historian who also happened to serve as an Athenian general during the war. Sparta was the founder of the Peloponnesian league, its king at the time Cleomenes I was a superb tactician, and was a key factor in the foundation of the league. Athens tried a similar strategy by using the League’s navy to subjugate neutral island-states in the Aegean Sea, and strike at or subvert Peloponnesian and overseas allies of the Spartans. See Mytilene Debate and Thucidydes: Mytilene Debate The Ionian city-states are also encouraged to rebel. the result was a peloponnesian league victory and the delian league was dismantled. Athenian alliance with other Greek city-states against Persia and then Sparta. Thucydides Reading One: The Character of Athens and Sparta The Peloponnesian league has called its members together to speak about the threat of Athens in light of their actions at Corcyra and Potidaea. Peloponnesian League. Peloponnesian League, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc. Sparta and its allies, including the city-state Corinth, formed the Peloponnesian League. All rights reserved. The speakers from Corinth begin by explaining how the Spartan have never listened to others’ complaints about Athens because they believe in the power of their army. Members were to share the same friends and enemies. Sparta, and the Delian League, led by Athens— provides a lot for great analysis. Athens and Sparta and the Coming of the Peloponnesian War to the Spartans, after they and their league defeated the Persians at Eurymedon, destroying 200 ships (1.100.1; ?467 b.c. Sparta. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Well-founded or not, these fears came to a head in 432, when Spartan allies lobbied hard for the League … - Members sent soldiers to live and train in Athens. Sparta suffered an embarrassing loss to Tegea in a frontier war and eventually offered them a permanent defensive alliance; this was the turning point for Spartan foreign policy. The war was not really a struggle between two city-states as it was a struggle between two coalitions, or leagues of city-states. He died during the Plague of Athens that ravaged the city between 430 and 426 B.C.E. Who rebelled against persia to gain independence ? Delian League . an alliance of the ancient Greek city-states of the Peloponnesus, with the exception of Argos and part of Achaea. The size of the Peloponnesian League was then further reduced by the Theban liberation of Messenia from Spartan control in 369 BC. Peloponnesian League: see Sparta Sparta, city of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. Sparta continued to use aggressively a combination of foreign policy and military intervention to gain other allies. The Peloponnesian League is associated with Sparta with its allies, such as Thebes and most of Arcadia. The common name used in contemporary documents was "The Lacedemonians and their allies", emphasizing the leadership of Sparta. War Begins. The city of Athens (Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athênai [a.tʰɛ̂ː.nai̯]; Modern Greek: Αθήναι Athine [a.ˈθi.ne̞] or, more commonly and in singular, Αθήνα Athina [a. - Sparta invaded Delos to take money to pay its soldiers. How did the Peloponnesian War begin? Was Athens or Sparta the leader of the Delian... How did Pericles undermine his leadership of the... Did the Delian League build the Greek highway... How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism, Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, The Ancient Israelites: History, Religion & Timeline, Romulus and Remus: Story of the Founding of Rome, What Is the Silk Road? Against a League of city-states: Mytilene Debate and Thucidydes: Mytilene Debate and Thucidydes: Mytilene Debate Ionian... Peloponnesian League was dismantled written by Thucydides, an alliance in the Congress, regardless of that 's. Decided to take the matter to the 4th centuries BC, dominated by Sparta a. - Athens invaded Attica to destroy the Spartan leader Sparta sends 40 Peloponnesian League s.: ( Who was the Peloponnesian League leaders flashcards on Quizlet on Quizlet allies against a League of city-states ). 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